As you are looking at the many different roses that you can plant, it is a good idea to understand a little bit about each one, their growth habits, type of bloom, size etc. Some of these require quite a bit more care than the others, whereas others fare much better if they are left alone. Here are some of the more popular types of roses.
Hybrid Tea Roses
When you hear the word “rose”, if you are like most people, then the image that comes to mind is of a hybrid tea rose. These typically have a very large bloom at the end of a long cane. At a florist shop, these represent the most popular variety. They are almost always upright, growing up to 6 feet, with blooms that come in a multitude of colors (with the exception of black and blue). Examples of this would be the Saint Patrick, Miss Kitty, the Black Magic, the Cajun Moon, and the Double Delight.
Another popular rose is the floribunda rose, which is also referred to as a hybrid polyantha. Back in the 1940s was when the term floribunda was first used. These are much smaller than typical roses, with smaller blooms, and are typically found with clusters at the end. It is true, though, that they will grow with single blooms. The reason that people use them is because the cluster appearance makes it great for landscaping. There are also many colors for this particular rose. The floribunda roses have unique names such as the Julia Child, Playboy, Angel Phase, Iceberg, Playgirl, and Simplicity.
A hybrid combination of hybrid teas and floribundas, grandiflora roses are also very popular, possessing both cluster blooms and one bloom stamps. This term was coined specifically by nursery men for the rows of Queen Elizabeth, introduced in 1954, despite the fact that Buccaneer may have arguably been the first type of the specific rows. Grandifloras, despite being a very unique name, is losing its distinction over time and may very well disappear. These roses are called Arizona, Gold Medal, and also Queen Elizabeth.
A rose with a smaller Bush, as well as a smaller bloom size and minimal foliage, Miniature roses are very unique. They can have blooms that can go up to 2 inches. Miniatures are very popular, and also do very well growing in containers. The plants typically only get as high as 3 feet. Miniature roses include Joy, Kristin, Irresistible, Fairhope and also Behold.
A new classification in roses, Mini-floras are also highly coveted. They are much too large to be associated with many rows, but are too small to be considered a floribunda rose or a hybrid tea. Most of the mini-flora roses do not look very good with landscaping. Examples of them include the Autumn Splendor, the Butter Cream, and the Dr. John Dickman.
One of the most rigorous roses that can grow very tall are the climbing roses. There are actually three specific types. There are the LCIs, also known as large flowered climbers, that have very stiff canes and repeat blooms. They can actually be as high as 20 feet, and as small as 8 feet. They come in many different colors and grow singularly and in clusters. Examples of these roses include the Fourth of July, Berries and Cream, and America.
You may also appreciate the Rambler type of roses, older roses that usually bloom in early summer or spring. Once they begin to bloom, most of the blooms will last for about a month. They work very well with pergolas, pillars and trellises. These roses are also very pliable, specifically the canes, and the blooms are usually small with large clusters. Names of the roses include Newport Ferry, Seven Sisters and American Pillar.
There are also sports roses which include floribunda roses, hybrid teas, and many others that look very similar to the Bush counterpart except for their climbing growth habit. They have outstanding spring blooms, followed by scattered blooms, typically occurring later in the fall. Examples of this include the Cl. Queen Elizabeth and Double Delight.
Old Garden Roses
Old Garden roses, also called heritage roses or cabbage roses, have existed since 1867, the first hybrid of tea roses. They are a wild species of roses, and the classes include Bourbons, mosses, Portlands, damasks and eglantines. They come in a multitude of different bloom and growth patterns, and every color imaginable. They can be as small as 1 foot, and grow to a height of over 50 feet. Old Garden roses are excellent repeat blooms. Old Garden roses include Baronne Prevost, Yolande d’Aragon, Green Rose, Lady Banks and Rose de Rescht.
Sometimes referred to as the catchall group, these roses are very interesting. They are a hybrid species, and essentially include roses that do not have an exact fit with other classes. A couple of examples are Dr. Griffith Bucks and David Austin English roses. There is a great deal of botanical variance within this classification. Examples of them are The Squire, Distant Drums, Sally Holmes, Ballerina, Starry Night, and the Abraham Darby.
Polyantha Roses are petite roses, an almost forgotten class of roses in modern times. There are about 500 types, ones that have been introduced since 1875, yet today there are only about 30 available. They come from a low growing Bush with smaller flowers in clusters. Examples of this rose include the White Pet, the The Ferry, the Mother’s Day, the Lullaby, and the China Dall. These are actually the predecessor of the floribunda roses class, something that you may notice when you get to look at them.